Countermeasure for Preventing Earthquakes
②If the Tokai Earthquake occurs…
Strong tremor caused by earthquakes can lasts for 1-2 minutes. During that
time, there is a possibility that various things may occur, such as collapse of the
house, fire, furniture collapsing and dishes falling and scattering. In this
case, try to stay calm and do not panic.
・Stay away from furniture that can fall over
easily, and hide under the nearest desk or
・When the tremor has settled, extinguish any
fires as soon as possible.
・Do not run outdoors in a panic.
・Avoid going close to narrow alleyways, high buildings and block walls.
・Be careful for landslides.
・Along the coast, tidal waves (tsunami) will approach soon. Evacuate to higher
ground or building as soon as possible.
・Take refuge on foot and do not use an elevator. Please take only a minimal
amount of belongings with you.
・Cooperate and perform first aid for one another.
Tidal Waves (Tsunami)
A tidal wave is not simply a big wave. The sea level rises and water instantly
washes over the land as in a flood. When there is a big earthquake or even a
weak one that shakes for a long period of time, get away from the coast as soon
as possible and evacuate to a hill, high ground, or the nearest building.
Characteristics of a tidal wave
・Tidal waves will hit repeatedly, several times
・The first wave may not necessarily be the strongest wave
・Caution is needed for more than 12 hours, at least
③After the earthquake
・Evacuate to the designated evacuation area for your neighborhood.
In most cases, the evacuation areas are the local elementary or junior high
schools. Please be careful when you evacuate, as unsupported block walls or
vending machines may collapse. Also be careful for signposts and glass.
・Listen to correct information
Pay attention to television, radio, and public announcement by local
governments and not be bothered by rumors.
・Check for safety
Gather together with your friends/family and check that everyone is safe.
Also, get in contact with your Municipal Office and Embassy (Consulate).
You can confirm each other’ safety by utilizing the NTT message dial system for
To record message from disaster area
３．Dial your home telephone number including area code
４．Press 1 and # and leave your message
５．Press 9 and #
To listen to a message from a non- disaster area
３．Dial telephone number in disaster area
４．Press 1 and #
・Follow the regulations and be careful for hygiene
The evacuation area is a cohabitation facility. Follow the rules and try to
communicate with surrounding Japanese citizen and cooperate with each
・Do not enter collapsed houses. It is very dangerous.
In case of a real disaster, prepare yourselves by participating in disaster
drills in your neighborhood, inspect and prepare supplies on a regular basis.
・Be aware of the evacuation area and route to get there
Each neighborhood has a designated evacuation area. Please check with your
neighbors if you aren’t sure.
・Discuss how to contact your friends and family and home country
・To prevent turning over and collapse of furniture
Try not to set up furniture and television in the bedroom, living room, and
infant’s rooms. Fix unstable furniture with specific metal fittings. Stick anti-
scattering film to glass.
・Have an extinguisher at hand
・Prepare and pack food, water and emergency
supplies, storing it at a place that you can access at any time. Take its weight into
consideration. For men, it should be less than 15 kg and for women less than 10 kg.
List of Emergency Supplies
Enough food and water to last 7 days, including
3 days of emergency
Matchsticks, Cigarette lighter
Portable radio, Batteries
Passport, Alien Registration Card
First Aid Kit (If you currently use medicine for illness or injury, do not forget to
Sleeping bag, Blanket
Can opener, Knife
Tissue paper, Towel, Soap
Gloves, Rope, Helmet
⑤Predicting the Tokai Earthquake
Predictions for the Tokai Earthquake involves observing data on the
observation equipment 24 hours a day, watching for any abnormal activity and
if there is, to evaluate whether it may be related to the occurrence of the Tokai
Earthquake. The observations are led by the Meteorological Agency along
with other national organizations.
If the Meteorological Agency defines observation data as abnormal, the
Regional Determining Committee for Strengthening Earthquake Disaster
Prevention is called together. If it is concluded that the Tokai Earthquake may
occur, the Prime Minister will issue an official warning for Tokai Earthquake.
What it means to issue a warning:
If an official warning has been issued for a certain region, it means that the
region may experience intense tremors and tidal waves. Thus you must take
safety measures to prevent any disasters.
The social conditions when an official warning has been issued:
・Electricity, gas: Can be used but try not to use as much as possible
・Telephone: Can be used but try not to use as much as possible
・Water supply: Can be used but stock water as much as possible
・School, Kindergarten: Children will be dismissed and guardians must pick
・Road: To keep the evacuation route open, traffic will be regulated. Do not use
cars when an official warning has been issued. If you are driving, drive at
・Bullet trains, Railways: Stop at the nearest, safe station
・Bus, Ship: Routes will be canceled and stop operation
・Hospitals: Close outpatient consultation
・Bank, Department stores, etc: Generally, close business transaction
immediately (Some ATMs can be used)
If an official warning is issued:
・You act immediately according to previous arrangements among your family
・Get information through television and radio
Also pay attention to information provided by municipal offices.
・Take measures to prevent fires
Try not to use heat/gas in order to avoid occurrence of fire. Turn off gas at the
・Look after school children
Bring your children home from school and kindergarten according to previous
・Make repeated safety checks around the house
Put away objects from high places and check that furniture and shelve fittings
are securely fastened. After an earthquake, it is quite likely that doors cannot
be opened; so keep the entrance doors open.
・Prepare water and fire extinguishers
・Change into casual clothing
Protect your head by wearing a helmet and change into casual clothing. Keep
your shoes on, so you don’t lose them in the mess that may occur.
・Check your emergency supplies: Flashlight; Blanket; First Aid Kit; Candles; Knife; Cigarette lighter
・People in dangerous area should evacuate immediately
People in danger of tidal wave and landslides should evacuate at once.
・If you are going to be away from home, leave a note of your family’s safety
and whereabouts where it is easily noticeable.
At the Earthquake Disaster Control Center, you can gain information and
learn about earthquakes. You can also experience a simulation of earthquake,
fire extinguishing, and evacuating from fire. In addition, at the tidal wave
corner, you can watch the reality of tidal waves through an indoor aquarium.
Emergency supplies are exhibited too.
Open hours 9:00-16:00
(Closed on Mondays and New Year’s holidays)
Admission is free of charge.
“We never know what will happen tomorrow!”Prepare for the Tokai Earthquake
See also related reading: Quake Preparedness