Child obesity is increasingly a problem in Japan with the incidence of obese kids at over 10%.
Researchers say child obesity leads to a host of problems.
Among them, is abnormal enlargement of left atrium or chamber of the heart. Heart enlargement is a known risk factor for heart disease, stroke and heart rhythm problems. Another study showed impairment in the heart’s ability to relax between beats in children who were overweight or obese. Earlier studies had already found more rigid arteries in such children – a possible sign of plaque deposits starting to form. They also have low bone mineral density after the age of puberty. Diabetes a disease not common in kids is surfacing in childhood now. One twelve year study concluded that severely obese children have a higher risk of becoming obese adults, and that the risk of adult obesity was twice as high in boys than in girls. Liver disease is reported to be the latest obesity risk in fat children.
A lack of exercise and enriched diets for children have been pinpointed as the causes of child obesity. But a recent study also showed that kids who got less than 9 hours of sleep at night were obese by the time they got to middle or high school.
One study made a comparison between schools with the discovery that at elementary schools where parents were attentive towards their children’s health, there was a clear decrease in percent body fat. In this study it was found that several items in the check list that the following were responsible for reduction of body fat:
2-avoiding snacks after evening meals, and
3-going to bed early in the evening and waking early in the morning.
These 3 items are considered the most important for the betterment of obesity in children.
In a 2007 a study identified smoking as a cause for obesity in children, reporting that mothers who smoked during the first three months of pregnancy were three times more likely to have obese children.
‘Fat kids have arteries of 45-year-olds’ Sydney Morning News
Australian and research using ultrasound tests is a wake-up call for parents, says team. used tables for 45-year-olds, who often do get such exams, and found the children’s “vascular age” was about 30 years older than their actual age.
Researchers link lack of sleep with obesity in children Tues 22, 2008 Japan Times
Japan Battles With Obesity