Bullying and Its Prevention (lists what parents can do to prevent or address bullying)
Steps needed to control violent schoolchildren
The Yomiuri Shimbun
School Refusal and School Absentee July 28, 2000
An article that defines school absentee, briefly details how the issue of school refusal arose in Japan. The article notes that during this decade about one in 100 students are school refusers or school absentees. It also informs us that the phenomenon was first perceived as a “neurosis or mental disorder”, whereas it is now seen as a “social maladjustment”, an imbalance between school, family and social environment, or a “new illness or new morbidity which is complicated and is an integration of various factors, frequently occurring in a wealthy society.
The Framework of “Bullying” June 23, 2000 This article notes that “some children who are prone to become targets, like those who have just transferred to a school or those who are subject to socio-cultural discrimination in Japan”.
Clinical Pedagogy (part 1) – Bullying May 26, 2000A discussion about the unique nature of bullying in Japan, the tendency to bully victims who are perceived as different or out of the ordinary; the instances of gang groups that bully children who do not belong to other groups; and the particularly worrying incidents of incidences of violence and intimidation and the lynching of a victim. http://www.childresearch.net/SCIENCE/KOBY/MESS/cbse0028.html
The Human Clock: The “rhythm gene” is discovered…can we find a pharmaceutical cure for school refusal? October 15, 1999The author postulates the possibility that the dysfunction of the circadian rhythm and the reversed human rhythm may make returning to school much more difficult so that a pharmaceutical cure may possibly become one of the treatments for school refusal. http://www.childresearch.net/SCIENCE/KOBY/MESS/cbse0021.html
The Foundations of the Emergence of Bullying: The lack of empathy may lead to bullying August 6, 1999The article notes the existence of many types of “bullies”, and that the “pattern of frustration apparent in bullies who have low grades, those who cannot play because they are going to cram school, and have disciplinarian parents” and the lack of empathy of such persons seem to be the main factors leading to bullying. The author posits a child ecological model in which the source of the dysfunction may be pinpointed at the breakdown in interaction between the tiers of child, family, school and community. http://www.childresearch.net/SCIENCE/KOBY/MESS/cbse0019.html
Making Friends: An ecological perspective on the breakdown in social relations of today’s children July 2, 1999The author attributes bullying to a breakdown in the process of formation of peer relations in which children have traditionally learnt their cultural norms, group harmony and other social factors of relating to people. The author suggests that new patterns of peer formations are responsible for the breakdown manifested by the appearance of serious acts of bullying, criminal activity seen in younger children, and peer relations established through print club stickers and pagers. http://www.childresearch.net/SCIENCE/KOBY/MESS/cbse0018.html