Different approaches to homeschooling

Accelerated Approach:

l Columnists Face Off – Accelerated Education Joyce Swann presents the advantages of homeschooling the way the Swanns do it. http://www.home-school.com/Articles/AcceleratedEd.html


l “I Was an Accelerated Child” Alexandra Swann and her siblings share what it’s like to graduate high school by age 11. http://www.home-school.com/Articles/AcceleratedChild.html

l Joyce Swann’s Homeschool Tips How does this mother of 10 run their accelerated education program? http://www.home-school.com/Articles/HomeschoolTips.html


l Constructivism As the structure of K-12 education has evolved, the methods of teaching children have evolved with it. In general, reform-minded teachers are now emphasizing active learning over passive learning. http://edweb.gsn.org/constructivism.html

Charlotte Mason:

l Charlotte Mason Method http://www.home-school.com/Articles/CharlotteMason.html

l Charlotte Mason High School Study Guide http://homepage.bushnell.net/~peanuts/CMhighschool.html

l Homeschool Without Homework by Karen Andreola http://www.home-school.com/Articles/HSwoHomework.html

l Is Charlotte Mason Unschooling? A short essay by Lynn B Hocraffer http://homepage.bushnell.net/~peanuts/essay1.html

l Memories of a P.N.E.U. Education http://www.ains.net.au/bangalay/livingbooks/a_001.htm

l My Charlotte Mason Study Notes http://homepage.bushnell.net/~peanuts/CMason.html

l Thoughts on Catherine Levison’s Books http://www.welltrainedmind.com/Levison

l What Is The Charlotte Mason Method http://members.aol.com/BeeME1/CMmethod.html

A Comparison of Charlotte Mason and Classical Methods:

l Charlotte Mason and Classical Education: An Introduction http://www.welltrainedmind.com/charlottemason.html

l Charlotte Mason- Classical Academy Trivium and Charlotte Mason by Harvey and Laurie Bluedorn http://eho.org/classical.htm#classical%20chr

l Does Method Matter?(Part I) Charlotte Mason and Classical Approach.February 2000 Issue #5 http://www.asahi-net.or.jp/~ja8i-brtl/february00.html#hot

l The Charlotte Mason Method: The Trivium: Classical Christian Homeschooling and Combining the Classical Tradition and Charlotte Mason Methods by Beth Parker http://home.att.net/~bandcparker/methods.html

Classical (also Trivium):

l A Definition for Classical Education http://www.triviumpursuit.com/articles/definition_for_classical_education.htm

l A Day at Our House: Classical Education (Plus Baby) http://www.welltrainedmind.com/hsday3.html

l Classical education as defined by Escondido Tutorials http://www.gbt.org/clasced.html

l Classical Worldview Fritz Hinrichs

l Charlotte Mason and Classical Education: An Introduction http://www.welltrainedmind.com/charlottemason.html


l Charlotte Mason- Classical Academy Trivium and Charlotte Mason by Harvey and Laurie Bluedorn http://eho.org/classical.htm#classical%20chr


l Columnists Face Off – Classical Education Douglas Wilson presents the case for classical education. http://www.home-school.com/Articles/ClassicalEducation.html


l Classical Education Comes Home; Classical Christian Education: A Growing Trend http://homeschool.crosswalk.com/farris/0,2477,930,00.htm ; Classical Christian Education, Part II http://homeschool.crosswalk.com/bell/0,2477,7202,00.htm ; Interview Wrap-Up with Susan Wise Bauer http://homeschool.crosswalk.com/bell/0,2477,7364,00.htm

l Classical Schooling with Multiple Ages: Suggestions, Recommendations, and a Useful (We Hope) Chart http://www.welltrainedmind.com/J00multiples.html

l Outcome-Based Education versus Trivium-Based Education compared, goals for Christian Classical Education http://www.triviumpursuit.com/articles/obe_tbe.htm

l Following the Classical Pattern with More than One Child http://www.welltrainedmind.com/O98pattern.html

l Introducing WTM Methods Gradually http://www.welltrainedmind.com/O00McDonald.html

l In Defense of Classical Education http://home.att.net/~mikejaqua/feb_99.html

l Introduction to Classical EducationFritz Hinrichs. http://www.gbt.org/text/intro.html

l Is Classical Education for the Intellectually Superior? http://home.att.net/~MikeJaqua/news/news/Jan_99.html

l Memorization Without Pain http://www.welltrainedmind.com/O00memorization.html

l Starting in the Middle: Beginning Classical Education with an Older Child (Or Anytime After First Grade) http://www.welltrainedmind.com/A00starting.html

l Suggested Course of Study Ten Things to Do Before Age 10 Need to know what to do and when? No overloaded curriculum suggestions. http://www.triviumpursuit.com/articles/suggested_course_of_study.htm

l The Charlotte Mason Method: The Trivium: Classical Christian Homeschooling and Combining the Classical Tradition and Charlotte Mason Methods by Beth Parker http://home.att.net/~bandcparker/methods.html

l The Classical Approach to Education in the Christian Home http://www.covenanthome.com/articles.htm

l The Joy of Classical Education http://www.welltrainedmind.com/A00joy.html

l Three Pillars of Classical Education http://www.triviumpursuit.com/articles/three_pillars.htm

l What Is Classical Education? By Susan Wise Bauer http://www.welltrainedmind.com/classed.html

l What is the Trivium? http://www.triviumpursuit.com/articles/what_is_the_trivium.htm (now also in Spanish)

l Why Classical School at Home? If parents want to give their children a good classical education, wouldn’t their best option be a Classical Christian private school? http://www.triviumpursuit.com/articles/why_classical_at_home.htm

l Why Our Model of Classical Education May Look Different http://www.welltrainedmind.com/J00ourmodel.html

l Does Method Matter?(Part I) Charlotte Mason and Classical Approach.February 2000 Issue #5 http://www.asahi-net.or.jp/~ja8i-brtl/february00.html#hot

l Why Classical Education? By Fritz Hinrichs. This talk lays out the thinking behind classical education and the basics of its methodology http://www.gbt.org/clasced.html

Cultural literacy

l The curriculum comprises Hirsch’s Core Knowledge series of books “What Every [First Grader/Second Grader, etc] Needs To Know containing from the basic principles of constitutional government, important events of world history, essential elements of mathematics and of oral and written expression, widely acknowledged masterpieces of art and music, excerpts, lists of books, to stories and poems passed down from generation to generation, etc. (For more details on the Core Knowledge curriculum at http://www.coreknowledge.org/CKproto2/about/index.htm;
Four Modalities or 4MAT model of learning:

l 4MAT model of learning http://www.geocities.com/~educationplace/4mod.html

l The 4MAT model entails the use of right and left-brain strategies within four distinct phases of the learning cycle. The theory has had an impact on education, management, problem solving and communication. http://www.aboutlearning.com/4mat/

Eclectic Approach:

MI Theory:

l Multiple Intelligences Figuring out how your children are intelligent will help you decide how best to educate them. http://www.rspublishing.com/Multiple%20Intelligences.html

l Multiple Intelligences: Seven Ways to Approach Curriculum by Thomas Armstrong highly recommended* http://www.ThomasArmstrong.com/multiple_intelligences.htm

l Multiple Intelligences: Seven Ways to Approach Curriculum

l More Essays on Multiple Intelligences:

l http://www.rspublishing.com/Multiple%20Intelligences.html (about MI);

n http://www.scbe.on.ca/mit/milist.htm (MI checklist)

n http://www.nauticom.net/www/cokids/teacher1.html#Brain Research (Many links on MI)

n http://pzweb.harvard.edu/Research/Research.htm) (Harvard’s Project Zero)

l The Naturalist Intelligence Dr. Howard Gardner added the Naturalist Intelligence to his list in 1996. It is the first addition to the original seven. This intelligence has to do with observing, understanding and organizing patterns in the natural environment. By Bruce Campbell. http://www.newhorizons.org/article_eightintel.html

l The Seven Human Intelligenceshttp://www.homeschoolzone.com/hsz/leppert2.htm by

l Your Child’s Unique Intelligence http://family2.go.com/features/family_1998_04/dela/dela48smart/dela48smart.html

Montessori Method:
l Montessori.Org’s fantastic online library has many articles on the method

l Montessori Homeschooling Q and As created by and for Montessori homeschooling families Click on this link

l Shu-Chen Jenny Yen’s On-Line Montessori Teacher Albums contain 240 developmentally appropriate activities for 3-to-6 year old children Click here


l          A comparative evaluation of the contents of the Waldorf curriculum(a typical preschool to high school curriculum at http://www.fortnet.org/rsws/waldorf/faq.html#2)

l          An anecdotal examination of Waldorf practices at

l          http://www.theatlantic.com/issues/99sep/9909waldorf.htm. **

l          FAQs about Waldorf (Steiner) education  http://www.fortnet.org/rsws/waldorf/faq.html; http://members.ozemail.com.au/~cromhale/Wald_faq.html

l          For a typical Waldorf curriculum from preschool to high school see:

l          http://www.fortnet.org/rsws/waldorf/faq.html#2

l          For Waldorf Resources see http://www.waldorfresources.com

“Why Waldorf with HSling” is a pursuasive suggestion we would resort to Waldorf philosophy schooling as opposed to traditional schooling

l          More articles at http://www.waldorfresources.com and http://live-education.com

l          Overview of Steiner Education by Bob Hale http://members.ozemail.com.au/~cromhale/overview.html

l          Waldorf Schooling – What exactly is it? http://www.bcparent.com/education/waldorf.htm**

l          The Primacy of Imagination Waldorf teachers offer roughly the same subjects other teachers do. Before introducing facts, however, they take a few steps back, and sideways…” Todd Oppenheimer writes for Atlantic Monthly http://www.theatlantic.com/issues/99sep/9909waldorf2.htm

l          The Waldorf School Approach to History Eugene Schwhartz http://www.bobnancy.com/bobnancy.html

l          Waldorf Education… An Introduction by Henry Barnes http://www.awsna.org/education-intro.html

l          Waldorf collection of Waldorf links at

l          Waldorf Without Walls articles include Waldorf and Weaning; What Is Eurhythmy; Oak Meadow and Waldorf at http://www.waldorfresources.com/readroom/features/index.html

l          What is Waldorf? Unschooling Education? And How Do You Combine Them? http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Woods/2924/pathwayswhy.html 

A comparison of Montessori and Waldorf methods:

l          “Does Method Matter? (Part II) Waldorf vs Montessori.March 2000 Issue #6 http://www.asahi-net.or.jp/~ja8i-brtl/march_2.html#hot


l          Montessori and Steiner: A Pattern of Reverse Symmetries by neuroscience educator Dr Dee Joy Coulter at http://www.oakmeadow.com/library/articles/coulter.htm)

Objective Approach:

 The Objective Approach by Gail Withrow http://www.hometaught.com/app_objective.htm

Principle Approach:

l          Columnists Face Off – Principle Approach Carole Adams tells us why she thinks the Principle Approach is best.

l          The REAL GOAL of Education Steve Moitozo makes a case for including morals and ethics in his formulation of a well-rounded education that prepares a child for adulthood http://www.athomeinamerica.com/Article_TheRealGoal.mv





Units or Project Method:

l          Columnists Face Off – Unit Studies Jessica Hulcy tells us why she thinks the unit study approach is best http://www.home-school.com/Articles/UnitStudies.html

l          Creating Your Own Unit Studies http://eho.org/unitcreate.htm

l          Do Your Units End with a Bang or a Whimper Jessica Hulcy explains the difference between wrapping up and embalming a unit study http://www.home-school.com/Articles/HulcyClosure.html

l          Finding Time To Dig Deeper by Kathryn Stout http://www.homeeducator.com/FamilyTimes/articles/7-1article9.htm

l          How A Textbook Mom Does Unit Studies by Kym Wright. Hints for the parent who wants both a structured approach as well as the hands-on learning benefits of units, be inspired (Home Educator’s Family Times, Vol.8, No 1, 2000 at http://www.homeeducator.com/FamilyTimes/articles/8-1article15.htm

l          Ingredients of the Project Method (Now called Unit Studies) by Dr. Raymond and Dorothy Moore http://www.homeeducator.com/FamilyTimes/articles/6-3article3.htm

              Learning Success With Unit Studies & More by Jane Boswell  ht tp://www.homeeducator.com/FamilyTimes/articles/3-4article1.htm

l          Organizing Your Own Unit Studies http://eho.org/unitforms.htm


l          The Project Approach http://ericps.ed.uiuc.edu/eece/reggio/katzpr94.html

l          Thoughts on Unit Studies by Susan Wise Bauer  http://www.welltrainedmind.com/J01unitstudy.html

l          Unit studies by Jennifer Steward read about her painless method at http://www.unitstudies.com/about/start.htm and then decide if you need to buy her book:

l          Unit Studies A concise “everything you need to know to get started on units” article.

l          http://www.kaleidoscapes.com/unitstudies/unitstudyfaq.html

l          Units With Drama. On How to Avoid Mindless Unit Studies Jesica Hulcy explains the difference between creativity and catastrophe. http://www.home-school.com/Articles/MindlessUnSt.html

l          Unit Study Know How or Unit Study 101″ by Amanda Bennett http://unitstudy.com/articles/article-2.htm; (See also her many other articles at http://unitstudy.com/articles/list.htm)



Unschooling, Deschooling or Child-directed home-based:


l          A King’s Curriculum – Michele Winkler vowed she would no more teach math and grammar from a workbook, than bake with imitation vanilla. Her two children would learn everything they needed to know from hands-on, experiential life lessons http://www.home-ed-magazine.com/HEM/172.00/ma_art_king.html

l          Becoming Unschoolers, Janet Keip on their family’s experience in becoming unschoolers http://www.home-ed-magazine.com/HEM/HEM141.97/141.97_art_bunsch.html


l          Can a Christian Be an Unschooler? by Patrick Farenga 

l          Curriculum To Unschooling. Read about Ann Zeise’s story of how her family’s homeschooling methods evolved. http://www.gomilpitas.com/homeschooling/articles/111197.htm

l          De-schooling” http://www.homeschoolzone.com/faq/deschooling.htm

l          Heather Madrone‘s collection of her choice essays on home (un)schooling. http://www.madrone.com/home-ed.htmA World of Learning, Barbara Theisen

l          Interview with Michael Fogler Unschooling Meets the Workforce – Peter Kowalke Peter Kowalke, an unschooler in college, interviews Michael Fogler, author of Un-jobbing: The Adult Liberation Handbook. Can a person follow his true interests and still make a living? http://www.home-ed-magazine.com/HEM/175/afogler.html

l          Numerous articles and resources on deschooling, unschooling, or child-directed home-based learning by Canadian homeschooling pioneer Wendy Priesnitz http://www.life.ca/hs/index.html

l          On Unschooling and Life – Ruthe Matilsky With kids nearing or at adulthood, Ruthe Matilsky admits she’s a little nervous about what their futures hold, and whether she’s done all she can to prepare them. http://www.home-ed-magazine.com/HEM/182/maunschool.html


l          Unschooling by Gail Withrow, HomeTaught. Relaxed Approach or Unschooling? “The crucial difference between homeschooling and unschooling is whether the parent takes an active role in leading the child’s education, or backs away and leaves the ball in the child’s hands.”


l          Unschooling”  http://www.homeschoolzone.com/unschooling/index.htm

l          Unschooling is a type of homeschooling.by Jeanne Musfeldt http://www.home-ed-magazine.com/HEM/182/maunschool.html

l          Unschooling: Preparing Our Children For Life by Marsha Ransom http://www.homeeducator.com/FamilyTimes/articles/9-1article16.htm

l          Unschooling or School-at-Home? – Chris Sims as a parent could see all kinds of benefits to the unschooling philosophy. Why, then, did the children yearn for classroom education and demand structure at home? http://www.home-ed-magazine.com/HEM/HEM152.98/152.98_art_un-schl.html

l          Unschoolers Support Luz Shosie on her son’s ungraduation. http://www.midnightbeach.com/hs/UniFrame.html?JumpBar=”FAQ’s.j.html”&Main=”/hs/Ungraduation.html

l          Unschooling Undefined. by Eric Anderson http://www.midnightbeach.com/hs/UniFrame.html?JumpBar=”FAQ’s.j.html”&Main=”/hs/undefine.htm

l          Waiting for Unschooling to Work – Shay Seaborne (reveals that unschooling is not easier for its lack of structure, and that sometimes the hardest task of all is to simply let go and trust.) http://www.home-ed-magazine.com/HEM/183/mjwait.html


l          What Is Unschooling? by Maryann Turner http://www.home-school.com/weekly/a1.html


l          What Is Unschooling by Marsha Ransom http://www.homeeducator.com/FamilyTimes/articles/8-5article14.htm

l          Growing Without Schooling: Can a Christian Be an Unschooler? By Patrick Farenga


Note: Reggio Emilia: Not about Homeschooling but Deschooled Schools?:

For more info on Reggio Emilia Schools. read these articles:


l          REGGIO EMILIA AT NAEYC by Penny Fahlman

l          http://www.nauticom.net/www/cokids/reggio.html

l          Different Media, Different Languages by George Forman


l          Reggio Emilia : Some Lessons For US Educators http://ericps.ed.uiuc.edu/eece/reggio/new93.html

 Worldview Approach:


        General and related links:

A-Z Directory Home’s Cool Homeschooling Ann Zeise’s essays on various Methods & Styles of homeschooling http://www.gomilpitas.com/homeschooling/methods/Methods.htm

              A comparison of Different methods and approaches to homeschooling by Laurie and Harvey Bluedorn http://www.triviumpursuit.com/articles/comparison_approaches.htm

l          A Comparison of Different Methods & Approaches to Home Education This article will compare some of the different methods and approaches to home education with which many of you are already familiar. Author is proponent of the Classical approach http://www.triviumpursuit.com/articles/comparison_approaches.htm

 Can You Explain the Different Approaches? http://homeschoolfaq.com/teaching_approaches.htm

l          Combining Methods & Materials http://www.teachinghome.com/started/basics/combining.cfm


l          Comparison of Different Methods & Approaches to Home Education http://www.triviumpursuit.com/articles/comparison_approaches.htm

l          Educational Approaches and Methods http://www.teachinghome.com/started/basics/approaches.cfm

l          Homeschooling and Its Many Faces…is an interesting read http://www.elijahco.com Obtain Elijahco’s catalog, a homeschool guide in itself, chock-full of well-written and enjoyable articles on the different approaches to Homeschooling, how to homeschool certain subjects and what resources to use.


l          Good summary of major teaching methods currently popular in Homeschooling circles can be found at these websites http://www.heartofwisdom.com; see also http://homeschooling.mining.co/library/weekly/aa091699.htm?pid=2812&cob=home


Making Sense Out of Teaching Methods or Putting It all Together  http://members.aol.com/usteach/styles/together.html

Teaching Approaches from Homeschoolfaq.com http://homeschoolfaq.com/teaching_approaches.htm


l          What is Educational Philosophy http://www.hometaught.com/ed_philosophy.htm


l          Which Method? By Tamara Eaton http://www.gocin.com/homeschool/tips-11.htm

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