Public Yakan Gakko [‘ya-kan’ lit. means ‘night-time’] are public night schools designated for people who were not able to complete their compulsory education. ‘Yakan gakkyu’ means education by night classes.
Part-time schools at junior highs, high schools and universities run programs for people who want to continue their learning while working, and they function as educational institutions for people in all sorts of situations. Take, for example, junior high night school. It offers retraining for people who were not able to receive sufficient education because of the Second World War. In addition, recently many repatriated orphans who had been left behind in China and Koreans living in Japan have studied Japanese in junior high night schools.
Generally speaking, while you should check with your local ward or city office for local requirements, the requirements to enrol generally are cited as follows:
People who meet the following conditions are eligible to take classes:
- Did not graduate from either elementary school or junior high school
- Living or working in Tokyo (requirement of Tokyo Metropolitan Board of Education) or other ward/city location depending on where the night classes in question are held
- 15 years old or older
In addition to full-time high schools, part-time (daytime or nighttime) and correspondence high schools exist, however information on the internet is hard to come by. It is best to contact your local city or ward office (shi-yakusho or ku-yakusho) as the case might be, and ask for a listing, and to talk to your Board of Education official or school counselor there.
For other information on night high school classes, contact the Zenkoku Juku Kyoukai (The Japan Juku Association). Their website offers juku information all over Japan and gives some form of assessments on the jukus. In addition, http://yakan-senmon.com/ offers a search function for vocational night schools in your area. Toyo Institute of Art and Design runs night programs as well.
Public Junior High Night Schools – to read more about the night schools see this page from the Japanese Model of Schooling.
The public night junior high schools for Tokyo Metropolitan area are listed here below.
【Hachioji city Dai-go Junior High School】
【Katsushika ward Futaba Junior High School】
【Sumida ward Bunka Junior High School】
【Kojiya Junior High School of Ota City】
【Arakawa ward Dai-kyu junior high school】
【Edogawa ward Komatsugawa Daini junior high scool】
For public night junior high school classes in Shinjuku, visit the Shinjuku City Official website page here. Or see listings below.
Adachi Municipal Daiyon Junior High School
1-2-33 Umejima, Adachi City
Hachioji Municipal Daigo Junior High School
4-19-1 Myojin-cho, Hachioji City
Katsushika Municipal Futaba Junior High School
1-10-1 Ohanajaya, Katsushika City
Sumida Municipal Bunka Junior High School
1-22-7 Bunka, Sumida City
Ota Municipal Kojiya Junior High School
3-6-23 Nishi-Kojiya, Ota City
Setagaya Municipal Mishuku Junior High School
1-3-43 Taishido, Setagaya City
Arakawa Municipal Daikyu Junior High School
2-23-5 Higashi-Ogu, Arakawa City
Edogawa Municipal Komatsugawa Daini Junior High School
3-20-1 Hirai, Edogawa City
There are 5 night junior high schools in Yokohama for persons living or working in Yokohama who are of a designated age (age 15 or older as of April), but have not graduated from junior high school. Non-Japanese who have completed their home country’s compulsory education are not eligible. Classes are taught in Japanese, and held 5 times a week from Monday to Friday from 5:30PM to 8:30PM.
•Yokohama City Tsurumi Middle School: Tsurumi station (Keikyu express / JR), 10 minutes walk
•Yokohama City Urashimaoka Middle School: By bus from JR Higashi Kanagawa station, Urashimaoka Middle School stop, 2 minutes walk
•Yokohama City Nishi Middle School: 10 minutes walk from Keikyu Express Tobe station
•Yokohama City Nakaodai Middle School: 5 minutes walk from JR Yamate station
•Yokohama City Maita Middle School: 5 minutes walk from Maita station on subway
To enter these classes, please contact Yokohama City Board of Education Instructions and Planning Division (Phone : 045-671-3266).
Or contact the Board of Education Secretariat, Elementary and Junior High School Education Division (Phone: 045-671-3266)
Source: City of Yokohama website
For the Sapporo area: please refer to the SapporoEnjyuku website
夜間中学生 : 133人からのメッセージ /
Yakan chūgakusei : hyaku sanjūsannin karano messēji 東方出版, Ōsaka : Tōhō Shuppan, 2005.